1. A stable careers programme
Every school and college should have a stable, structured careers programme that has the explicit backing of the senior management team. There should be an identified and appropriately trained person responsible for it. It should be published on the school’s website and accessible to pupils, parents, teachers and employers. The programme should be regularly evaluated with feedback from pupils, parents, teachers and employers.
2. Learning from labour market information
By the age of 14, all pupils should have accessed and used information about career paths and the labour market to inform their own decisions on study options. Parents should be encouraged to access and use information about labour markets and future study options to inform their support to their children. An informed adviser can help them make the best use of available information.
3. Addressing the needs of each pupil
Pupils have different career guidance needs at different stages. Opportunities for advice and support need to be tailored to the needs of each pupil. A school’s careers programme should embed equality and diversity considerations throughout. A school’s careers programme should actively seek to challenge stereotypical thinking and raise aspirations. Schools should keep systematic records of the individual advice given to each pupil, and subsequent agreed decisions. All pupils should have access to these records to support their career development. Schools should collect and retain accurate data for each pupil on their education, training or employment destinations for at least three years after they leave the school.
4. Linking curriculum learning to careers
By the age of 14, every pupil should have had the opportunity to learn how the different STEM subjects help people to gain entry to, and be more effective workers within, a wide range of careers.
5. Encounters with employers and employees
Every pupil should have multiple opportunities to learn from employers about work, employment and the skills that are valued in the workplace. Every year, from the age of 11, pupils should participate in at least one meaningful encounter*with an employer. A ‘meaningful encounter’ is one in which the student has an opportunity to learn about what work is like or what it takes to be successful in the workplace. This can be achieved through a range of enrichment activities including visiting speakers, mentoring and enterprise schemes.
6. Experiences of workplaces
By the age of 16, every pupil should have had at least one experience of a workplace, additional to any part-time jobs they may have. By the age of 18, every pupil should have had one further such experience, additional to any part-time jobs they may have.
7. Encounters with further and higher education
By the age of 16, every pupil should have had a meaningful encounter* with providers of the full range of learning opportunities, including sixth forms, colleges, universities and apprenticeship providers. This should include the opportunity to meet both staff and pupils. By the age of 18, all pupils who are considering applying for university should have had at least two visits to universities to meet staff and pupils. A ‘meaningful encounter’ is one in which the student has an opportunity to explore what it is like to learn in that environment.
8. Personal Guidance
Every pupil should have opportunities for guidance interviews with a Careers Adviser, who could be internal (a member of school staff) or external, provided they are trained to an appropriate level. These should be available whenever significant study or career choices are being made. They should be expected for all pupils but should be timed to meet their individual needs. Every pupil should have at least one such interview by the age of 16, and the opportunity for a further interview by the age of 18.